The second, and final, Greek/Roman city we visited was called Ephesus. It was only about an hour drive from our hotel in Kudasai. This site had more complete ruins compared to Hierapolis. When you walk into the site, the first building you come across is a Roman bathhouse. This was not a bathhouse built for luxury. This particular bathhouse was built outside the city to specifically cleanse people as they entered the city. It was a health prevention strategy to keep outside germs and diseases away from the city. Since these types of cities were densely populated back then, diseases spread rapidly and could force the entire population to evacuate. Some of the other buildings included a government meeting theater, various temples including an Egyptian temple, a bathhouse for leisure, homes of the wealth, a library, and a Greek theater. This town was a port city at one time. However, a large earthquake initiated the change in course of a major river. Eventually the shoreline pulled back to where it lies today, which is about eight miles away. There were many visitors due to the port. Since Egyptians visited often, the Greeks decided to build a Egyptian temple to appeal to visitor and bring more visitors to boost the local economy. Archeologists could tell that the remains were from an Egyptian temple because the stone was granite. Greeks mainly used solid marble when building.
The library and the theatre were the main attractions of this site. Both of these buildings were in incredible shape. The library appeared to be two stories by the look of the façade; however, it was only one story. For some reason, they built a false front. The construction of the library was astounding. Everything was perfect and symmetrical. The theater at Ephesus was much larger than the theater at Hierapolis. Since it was still in good shape, Turkey used to allow modern concerts, like Sting, Cher, and many others, to perform there. However, after a few uses, that was deemed unsafe for the site itself and the concert-goers.